Darfur is a region in Western Sudan, the vast majority of the population are black and Muslim. Darfur, roughly the size of France, is home to 8 million people, and dozens of different ethnic groups.
Displaced by the Darfur genocide: An IDP women load their belongings onto trucks to move to another camp in Darfur.
The Janjaweed militias consist of "Arab" men recruited from local nomadic tribes and armed by the Sudanese government.
The rebel groups have been fighting against the Sudanese army and the Janjaweed militias. Although the rebels have not gained as much notereity as the Janjaweed there are documented cases of rebel-perpetrated human rights abuses against the civilian populations.
Displaced mother waits to weigh her child in feeding centre, Intifada camp, Nyala, southern Darfur. December 2003
Since the conflict began in 2003, an estimated 350,000 Darfurians have died, most due to starvation. Experts warn that number is likely to increase, however, and the UN World Food Program has cut aid to Darfur by half, citing shortages.
The mass exodus of 1.8 million refugees has posed complex security and humanitarian challenges for Sudan's neighbors, especially Chad.
Source : World News